Humankind has been fighting since time immemorial. This is a sad reality even today. For them, to fight and stand a better chance of winning, warriors have to use weapons. In ancient times, each nation had to use whatever resources and skills it had to build tools that would tear, pierce, smash or slash its enemies.
While most people easily relate ancient weapons with swords, bows, spears, axes and daggers, there are various other weapons of war that are less known. The Trabuco belongs to the latter category. It is among the ancient weapons that underscore the inventiveness and sometimes-horrifying imaginations of the ancient designers of primordial war machines.
What is a Trabuco?
This is essentially an ancient siege weapon consisting of an outsized axle that’s heavily weighted on one end. The large axle or pivot is mounted on a base, and it was basically designed to launch projectiles and hurl them over long distances to shoot over enemies or crash masonry walls. Projectiles mostly included stones and sand barrels. In some cases, cows, horses, human heads, and captured prisoners could also be used as projectiles at http://memoriasdaditadura.org.br/programas/programa-de-radio-o-trabuco/index.html.
Trebuchets come in different sizes, but they all employ the principle of the lever. During ancient times, this weapon was very powerful, and was thought-out to be the technological successor to another equally famous weapon, the catapult.
How a Trabuco Works
The easiest way to understand how a Trabuco works is to think of how a sling works. Well, comparing a sling with a gigantic weapon like a Trabuco would be erroneous, but the bottom line is that the two work in the same manner – pull and release.
The mechanism of a Trabuco comprises of converting the gravitational latent energy into kinetic energy. The size of the ballast is directly comparative to the velocity of the bullet/projectile. The bigger the ballast, the stronger the projectile will be launched. Physical calculations of aspects such as kinetic energy, potential gravitational, and potential difference are directly connected to the operation of this tool.
Impact of the Trabuco in Ancient Warfare
The Trabuco dates back to the middle ages and it had its origins in China. Just like other nations, China experienced conflicts according to lista.mercadolivre.com.br. History has it that this masterpiece of engineering played a crucial role in helping the Chinese army win numerous battles.
The first types of trebuchets were basically operated by humans. The largest documented traction Trabuco is said to have been operated by 250 people, and it was capable of launching a 140-pound stone over a distance of 80 meters. Impressively at the time, this machine could deliver up to 4 shots per minute. Due to the complicated logistics of controlling the huge number of operators on pt.wowhead.com, the popularity of the large model diminished.
Arab merchants were responsible for the transformation of the traction into the hybrid Trabuco. This involved refining the design by adding extra weight to the short end of the axle, thus adding a bit of additional reach to the war machine. Records show that a hybrid Trabuco was used in the early 13th century, and it was capable of hurling 400-pound projectiles.
Europeans came across this hybrid Trabuco during the crusades and fell in love with the idea. By the end of the thirteenth-century, they had improved the hybrid tool such that it could hurl projectiles weighing more than a ton with improved accuracy, and over large distances on youtube.com. While this ancient weapon greatly helped armies to succeed in their battles, the huge amount of manpower needed to operate it always casted a negative shadow. With the introduction of gunpowder to the market, the once famous Trabuco ultimately fell into obsolesce.